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One-step silver coating of polypropylene surgical mask with antibacterial and antiviral properties

TitleOne-step silver coating of polypropylene surgical mask with antibacterial and antiviral properties
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsFerrari, Ivan Vito, Giuntoli Giulia, Pisani Anissa, Cavallo Aida, Mazzetti Paola, Fonnesu Rossella, Rosellini Alfredo, Pistello Mauro, Kayal Tamer Al, Cataldo Antonino, Montanari Roberto, Varone Alessandra, Castellino Micaela, Antonaroli Simonetta, Soldani Giorgio, and Losi Paola
Type of ArticleArticle

Face masks can filter droplets containing viruses and bacteria minimizing the transmission and spread of respiratory pathogens but are also an indirect source of microbes transmission. A novel antibacterial and antiviral Ag-coated polypropylene surgical mask obtained through the in situ and one-step deposition of metallic silver nanoparticles, synthesized by silver mirror reaction combined with sonication or agitation methods, is proposed in this study. SEM analysis shows Ag nanoparticles fused together in a continuous and dense layer for the coating obtained by sonication, whereas individual Ag nanoparticles around 150 nm were obtained combining the silver mirror reaction with agitation. EDX, XRD and XPS confirm the presence of metallic Ag in both coatings and also oxidized Ag in samples by agitation. A higher amount of Ag nanoparticles is deposited on samples by sonication, as calculated by TGA. Further, both coatings are biocompatible and show antibacterial properties: coating by sonication caused 24 % and 40 % of bacterial reduction while coating by agitation 48 % and 96 % against S. aureus and E. coli, respectively. At 1 min of contact with SARS-CoV-2, the coating by agitation has an antiviral capacity of 75 % against 24 % of the one by sonication. At 1 h, both coatings achieve 100 % of viral inhibition. Nonetheless, larger samples could be produced only through the silver mirror reaction combined with agitation, preserving the integrity of the mask. In conclusion, the silver-coated mask produced by silver mirror reaction combined with agitation is scalable, has excellent physico-chemical characteristics as well as significant biological properties, with higher antimicrobial activities, providing additional protection and preventing the indirect transmission of pathogens. © 2023 The Authors


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Citation KeyFerrari2024