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Integrating Blue Energy in Maritime Spatial Planning of Mediterranean Regions

TitleIntegrating Blue Energy in Maritime Spatial Planning of Mediterranean Regions
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsPulselli, Riccardo Maria, Struglia Maria Vittoria, Maccanti Matteo, Bruno Morena, Patrizi Nicoletta, Neri Elena, Carillo Adriana, Napolitano Ernesto, Stefanatos Nikolaos, Perakis Christoforos, Damasiotis Markos, Di Pietrantonio Federica, Magaudda Stefano, Madalena Venturo, Stančin Hrvoje, Mikulčić Hrvoje, Petrou Vasilis, Smagas Konstantinos, Valari Eleni, Shakou Louisa Marie, and Bastianoni Simone
JournalFrontiers in Energy Research
Date PublishedMar-08-2023
Type of ArticleArticle

Blue Energy (BE) is expected to play a strategic role in the energy transition of Europe, particularly toward the 2050 horizon. It refers to a set of Marine Energy Sources (MES), including offshore wind, waves, tides, marine currents, sea thermal energy, salinity gradients, and marine biomass, which are exploited by different BE technologies. Nevertheless, the implementation of integrated solutions to exploit MES in marine areas does not just concern technological issues; it requires inclusive planning practices considering different aspects regarding climate and environmental impacts, landscape compatibility, interference with other marine activities (such as shipping, fishing, and tourism), and social acceptance. A replicable BE planning framework has been developed based on interdisciplinary knowledge in three Mediterranean sites in Greece, Croatia, and Cyprus, under the scope of the Interreg Med BLUE DEAL project. It has been implemented by some interdisciplinary experts through a collaborative and iterative process of data elaboration, mapping, evaluation, and visualization. Results concern the localization of suitable sites to install BE plants and the estimation of potential energy production and avoided emissions in selected scenarios. Together with visual simulations, this study shows the potential effects of the implementation of BE in specific marine areas, with a special focus on the most promising offshore floating wind farms and wave energy converters (WECs), as basic information for participative design and stakeholder engagement initiatives, including public authorities, businesses, and citizens.


Cited by: 1; All Open Access, Gold Open Access, Green Open Access

Short TitleFront. Energy Res.
Citation Key11231